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Corporal vs. ECC and GSIS (G.R. No. 86020. August 05, 1994)

28 May

RAMON CORPORAL, petitioner,
vs.
EMPLOYEES’ COMPENSATION COMMISSION and GOVERNMENT SERVICE INSURANCE SYSTEM,respondents.

Public Attorney’s Office for petitioner.

Ponente: QUIASON

FACTS:

Petitioner’s wife was employed as a public school teacher. She gave birth to a baby boy with the help of a “hilot.” An hour later, she was rushed to the hospital due to profuse vaginal bleeding. She underwent a hysterectomy but unfortunately, she died on the same day due to “shock, severe hemorrhage” resulting from a “prolapse(d) uterus post partum.” She was 40 years old when she died. Petitioner herein, filed a claim for compensation benefit with the Government Service Insurance System (GSIS). The GSIS denied petitioner’s claim. Petitioner filed several motions for the reconsideration of the denial of his claim to no avail.

ISSUE:

Whether or not petitioner’s claim for death benefits of her wife under Presidential Decree No. 626 is valid.

HELD:

NO. Petition was denied. But under the legal milieu of the case, SC can only suggest, not mandate, that respondents grant ex gratia some form of relief to their members similarly situated as petitioner’s wife.

RATIO:

With the evidence presented in support of the claim, petitioner’s prayer cannot be granted. While as a rule labor and social welfare legislation should be liberally construed in favor of the applicant, (citation omitted), there is also the rule that such liberal construction and interpretation of labor laws may not be applied where the pertinent provisions of the Labor Code and P.D. No. 626, as amended, are clear and leave no room for interpretation.

[L]iberal construction and interpretation of labor laws may not be applied where the pertinent provisions of the Labor Code and P.D. No. 626, as amended, are clear and leave no room for interpretation.

 

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